Type 2 diabetes 

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Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease associated with high blood sugar levels. There are several types of diabetes, with type 2 diabetes (T2D) being the most common with about 90% of cases. This type of diabetes usually develops after the age of 40, although it can sometimes occur earlier.

Insulin is an essential hormone for blood sugar regulation. It is produced naturally by the pancreas. It allows blood sugar to enter the body's cells and be used as an energy source. In type 2 diabetes, there is usually resistance to the effects of insulin, the cells do not use the insulin properly even though it is present in the blood. In later stages, a decrease in insulin production may also develop.

If left untreated or poorly managed, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious complications affecting the cardiovascular system, kidneys, eyes and nervous system.

Fortunately, there are steps that can be taken to help prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes. These measures include a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet and regular exercise.